Adams, D.J. et al. The Journal of Pediatrics | Published online: 7 April 2017
Objective: To characterize the medication and other exposures associated with pediatric community-associated Clostridium difficile infections (CA-CDIs).
Conclusions: CA-CDI is associated with medications regularly prescribed in pediatric practice, along with exposure to outpatient healthcare clinics and family members with CDI. Our findings provide additional support for the judicious use of these medications and for efforts to limit spread of CDI in ambulatory healthcare settings and households.
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Public Health England has published English surveillance programme for antimicrobial utilisation and resistance (ESPAUR) report 2016.
The ESPAUR report includes national data on antibiotic prescribing and resistance, and hospital antimicrobial stewardship implementation. It forms a standard against which antimicrobial use and antimicrobial resistance can be compared in successive years and a resource for commissioning and implementing antimicrobial stewardship policies in England.
Additional link: PHE press release
Ladenheim, D. et al. Journal of Hospital Infection. Published online: July 29, 2016
Antimicrobial stewardship (AMS) programs in hospitals seek to optimise antimicrobial prescribing in order to improve individual patient care as well as reduce hospital costs, slow the spread of antimicrobial resistance and reduce the incidence of healthcare associated infections. The Start Smart – then Focus toolkit published by Public Health England provides an evidenced-based approach for improving antimicrobial prescribing for acute National Health Service (NHS) Hospital Trusts in England.
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