Candida auris: infection control in community care settings

This guidance prescribes infection control measures for community care settings where service users have been colonised with C. auris | PHE

thumbnail_c-_auris_in_community_settings_v1-0-pdf

This guidance – for nursing homes and other community care settings – covers infection control precautions, including maintenance of cleaning standards and other special precautions appropriate when service users are, or have been, colonised with C. auris.

Read the full guidance here

Advertisements

NHS Behind the Headlines – Reduced antibiotic prescribing did not raise serious infection rates

NHS Choices. Published online: July 7 2016

addiction-71538_960_720

“Surgeries that handed out the fewest pills do not have higher rates of serious illnesses,” the Daily Mail reports.

A new study looked at the impact of prescribing patterns of antibiotics by GPs. The researchers were particularly interested in seeing what happened in practices where GP’s did not usually prescribe antibiotics for what are known as self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs).

This cohort study aimed to determine whether the incidence of some diseases was higher in general practices that prescribe fewer antibiotics for self-limiting respiratory tract infections (RTIs).

It found that alongside reductions in the rate of antibiotics prescribed, rates of incidence for peritonsillar abscesses, mastoiditis and meningitis declined. Pneumonia showed a slight increase and no clear change was observed for empyema and intracranial abscesses.

The study had a good sample size, and represented the UK population well in terms of age and sex. However, there are a few points to note:

  • As the researchers acknowledged, the study observed outcomes from a population perspective and therefore was unable to deal with variations in prescription at the individual doctor or patient level.
  • This study only looked at data collected from GP surgeries, and prescription and infection incidence rates may be higher in emergency departments or out-of-hours practices which this study was not able to capture.
  • Finally, due to its study design, these findings can’t confirm cause and effect. It is possible that unmeasured confounders influenced the reported associations.

The researchers hope these findings will potentially be used in the context of wider communication strategies to promote and support the appropriate use of antibiotics by GPs.

Patients can also help by not pressuring GPs for antibiotics “just in case” they may need them.

Read the full analysis here

Read the original research article here

Handwashing and community management of infections

 The Lancet: Volume 386, No. 10004, p1603–1604, 24 October 2015

Summary

Influenza has a strong potential to transfer from individual to individual, and encounters in everyday life play an important part in its diffusion in the population. Wherever people meet—at work, in shops, on public transport—there is the risk of transmission, suggesting that the community is the context in which protection against further spread has to be orchestrated. Vaccination, personal hygiene (including handwashing), and measures against crowding are recommended measures.1Primary care is important in influenza vaccination because it can reach large numbers of people at high risk of influenza complications and provide them with effective protection against the virus.

via Handwashing and community management of infections – The Lancet.